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Mexico’s Historic Presidential Election: Women Candidates Take the Spotlight

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In a historic turn of events, Mexico is poised to elect its first female president in the upcoming election. Both major parties, the ruling Morena party and the opposition coalition, have nominated strong female candidates to lead the country. Claudia Sheinbaum, a former mayor of Mexico City, represents Morena, while Xochitl Galvez, a senator, is the candidate for the opposition coalition. This momentous development reflects a shifting political landscape in Mexico and demonstrates a growing acceptance of women in positions of power. However, the path to victory will not be without challenges, as Mexico’s culture remains traditionally male-centric. This article delves into the details of the presidential election, the candidates’ backgrounds, the potential roadblocks they may face, and the significance of this historic moment for Mexico.

The Rise of Claudia Sheinbaum

Claudia Sheinbaum, a respected climate scientist and former mayor of Mexico City, emerged as the nominee for the ruling Morena party. Sheinbaum’s selection was the result of a rigorous internal process, where she outperformed five other male candidates. Her close association with President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who has been a mentor to her, played a significant role in securing her nomination. Sheinbaum’s academic background in physics and her previous role as Mexico City’s secretary of the environment highlight her expertise and commitment to addressing environmental issues.

Xochitl Galvez: The Opposition’s Hope

Xochitl Galvez, a senator and tech entrepreneur, emerged as the opposition coalition’s candidate. Galvez’s nomination by the alliance of opposition parties, including the National Action Party (PAN) and the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), signifies a unified effort to challenge Morena’s dominance. Coming from humble beginnings, Galvez’s journey from selling food on the streets to becoming a successful businesswoman is a testament to her resilience and determination. Her experience as the mayor of the Miguel Hidalgo borough in Mexico City and her seat in the Senate have equipped her with valuable political insights and a deep understanding of the issues facing the country.

Breaking Gender Barriers in Mexican Politics

The selection of both Sheinbaum and Galvez as presidential candidates highlights a significant shift in Mexican politics. While Mexico has had several female candidates in the past, the election of a woman as president has remained elusive. The nomination of two women from the main political movements signifies a growing acceptance of female leadership in the country. Sheinbaum and Galvez have consistently emphasized that Mexico is ready to be led by a woman, challenging the prevailing male-centric culture. However, experts caution that gender bias and societal expectations may still pose challenges for their campaigns.

The Challenges Ahead

Despite the groundbreaking nature of their candidacies, Sheinbaum and Galvez face several potential roadblocks on their path to victory. One such challenge is the possibility of a third-party candidate entering the race, which could split the vote and impact their chances. Additionally, the traditional “machismo” culture in Mexico, characterized by male chauvinism, may influence voter preferences. Low turnout in previous elections featuring female candidates raises concerns about the general acceptance of women in leadership roles. Overcoming these obstacles will require strategic campaigning, effective communication, and the ability to connect with voters across gender lines.

The Power of Morena and Lopez Obrador

Sheinbaum holds a significant advantage in the election due to the dominance of Morena in Mexican politics. With control over 22 of Mexico’s 32 states and President Lopez Obrador’s continued popularity, Morena’s support provides a strong foundation for Sheinbaum’s campaign. Lopez Obrador’s endorsement and mentorship have bolstered Sheinbaum’s credibility and positioned her as the torchbearer of his social agenda. However, critics of Morena and Lopez Obrador argue that their concentrated power may hinder democratic processes and limit the diversity of voices within the party.

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The Alliance Against Morena

Galvez, as the opposition coalition’s candidate, represents a unified front against Morena’s political stronghold. The alliance, known as the Broad Front for Mexico, consists of the National Action Party (PAN), the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), and the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). Galvez’s selection as the consensus candidate reflects a collective effort to challenge Morena’s grip on power. Her outsider image and ability to connect with people resonate with voters seeking change and a departure from the status quo. The alliance’s combined resources and support from multiple parties may pose a formidable challenge to Morena’s dominance.

The Implications for Women in Politics

The selection of two female candidates for the presidential election has significant implications for women in Mexican politics and society at large. It signals a growing recognition of women’s capabilities and a shift towards gender equality in leadership positions. However, the low turnout in previous elections featuring female candidates raises questions about societal attitudes towards women in power. The responsibility now falls on voters, both men and women, to challenge gender biases and support qualified candidates based on their merits, regardless of gender.

The Role of Mexico’s Military

Aurora Pedroche, a Morena activist and supporter of Sheinbaum, raises concerns about the acceptance of a female president by Mexico’s military. Given the increased power and responsibility bestowed upon the military during President Lopez Obrador’s administration, Pedroche questions how they would react to a woman assuming the role of commander in chief. This highlights the need for societal shifts in attitudes towards gender roles and the breaking down of traditional gender stereotypes.

The Significance of Decriminalizing Abortion

In another historic moment for Mexico, the Supreme Court recently ruled to federally decriminalize abortion, deeming the current ban unconstitutional. This ruling acknowledges the importance of women’s reproductive rights and affirms their autonomy over their bodies. The decision represents a significant step towards gender equality and the protection of women’s rights. The impact of this ruling on the presidential election remains to be seen, as it may influence voters’ perspectives on candidates’ positions on reproductive rights.


Mexico’s upcoming presidential election marks a historic turn with the selection of female candidates by both major parties. Claudia Sheinbaum and Xochitl Galvez represent a new era of gender equality in Mexican politics, challenging traditional norms and paving the way for women in leadership roles. While obstacles and societal biases persist, their candidacies signify progress towards a more inclusive and diverse political landscape. The outcome of the election will not only determine the country’s future leadership but also serve as a barometer of Mexico’s willingness to embrace female empowerment and break free from male-centric cultural norms.


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